People are not sure whether or not it is safe to leave their ceiling fan running for long hours. Will the fan heat up and burn out if left running for the whole day?
It is safe to leave the ceiling fan ON all the time. Ceiling fans are designed to run for very long hours. There are many people who run their ceiling fans for the whole night, and there are no incidents of ceiling fans catching fire as a result of prolonged use.
PS: I am not saying you can run your ceiling fan for days and months without stopping. Ceiling fans can be run for long hours, say 18 hours, continuously.
Let us dive deep into why some people think it is unsafe to run the ceiling fan for long hours and why they are wrong.
Parts of a ceiling fan
The main parts of a ceiling fan include motor, blade assembly, shaft, bearings, switch box, and mounting hardware. Many also come with light fixtures.
The motor is housed in a housing to hide it from plain view. Attached to this housing are blade brackets to which blades are attached. When the motor of the fan spins, these blade brackets also spin moving the fan blades.
Heat generation: Will ceiling fans catch fire?
If you touch your ceiling fan’s housing after running it for some time, you will feel that its temperature has increased. This increase in temperature is due to the generation of heat when the motor runs. Like every machine, a motor is not 100% efficient. While it converts a good portion of electrical energy into movement, some if it is lost as heat. This loss is more in the case of AC motors. This heat generated is dissipated by the fan’s housing to the atmosphere.
This is the reason why many people believe that running a ceiling fan for long hours is a bad idea. They believe that when the fan runs longer, its temperature will increase, and finally, the fan will catch fire.
However, this is not true. The fan heating up doesn’t mean it will catch fire. Since any heat generated is dissipated into the atmosphere through the fan’s housing, the motor’s temperature will not exceed a safe limit, which depends on the manufacturer of the fan. Therefore, it is unlikely that a ceiling fan will catch fire due to continuous use.
However, if the fan is too old and not well maintained, this heat generated can exceed the safe limit and burn out the motor. This can happen if the fan is not lubricated, there is a lot of dust on the fan which adds load to its motor, or if something is hung on the fan that affects its normal working.
Reasons why a ceiling fan can overheat
Like I said before, a ceiling fan can overheat sometimes due to many reasons, which are listed below.
Make sure that the fan is lubricated
In addition to the heat generated by the fan’s motor, heat is also generated due to the friction in the bearings connected to the motor. These bearings are used to keep the axle of the motor in position thus preventing it from wobbling. These bearings come lubricated. However, their prolonged use leads to lack of oil inside them causing overheating. If the fan is left unattended for a while, then the bearings may get damaged leading to failure of the entire unit.
By properly lubricating the fan, one can prevent such problems. Here is a good guide to lubricating a ceiling fan;
Overheating also occurs because of the build-up of dust particles around the fan’s bearing area. As soon as the fan starts spinning, air flows across the surface of the fan’s rotor creating an airflow vortex. Due to this flow, small amounts of dust get sucked into the fan’s bearings. Over time, this buildup increases until eventually they become clogged with dirt.
Since the fan cannot move freely without proper lubrication, the amount of power required to run the fan increases resulting in higher temperatures.
The dust accumulation of the fan blades also contributes to this problem. Due to dust, the aerodynamics of the blades get altered adding more load to the motor
Regularly cleaning the fan can prevent such problems. Here is a good guide for that;
Regular cleaning also helps to run the ceiling fan faster and smoother.
Install the fan correctly and balance it
The most common cause of overheating is improper installation. Improper installation causes the fan to wobble and this wobbling affects the smooth running of the fan’s motor causing it to lose energy in the form of heat which leads it to overheat. In order to prevent such problems, you should always install your fans properly and balance its blades to make sure it doesn’t wobble.
Do not hang objects on the fan
Another major factor that contributes to excessive heating is hanging items on the fan. Whether these items are heavy or not does not matter. As long as these items add load to the fan’s motor there is always a chance of the fan overheating. For example, it is not uncommon to hang decorative items on a fan. These items increase the air resistance and so the motor will have to work harder to overcome this excess resistance. Therefore, avoid hanging anything on your ceiling fans.
Why do we need to turn off our ceiling fan when not used?
Even though ceiling fans can run for a long time, they consume energy. Since a fan cannot cool a room, running it while no one is there only increases your electricity bills. Therefore it is recommended to turn off your fan when leaving the room.
Conclusion: Is it Safe to Leave My Ceiling Fan On All Day?
To be honest, the dangers of leaving your ceiling fan running all day are not likely to be a real threat. In fact, many people leave ceiling fans on all night long in their homes because it cools the room down and they don’t want to turn on the air conditioner. In most cases, the ceilings fans keep the temperature down enough that turning the air conditioner on won’t be necessary. SO next time you run your ceiling fan, do not worry about it catching fire.